Risk assessment of potentially toxic trace elements via consumption of dairy products sold in the city of Yerevan, Armenia

Pipoyan D.,

Hovhannisyan A.,

Beglaryan M.,

Mantovani A



The study aimed to investigate the potentially toxic trace elements (PTEs) Pb, Cd, Hg, Mo, and Cu in dairy products sold in Yerevan's markets and to assess the related exposure and possible health risks among the adult population residing in the capital city of Armenia, Yerevan.
The PTEs contents were determined in widely consumed dairy products (pasteurized milk, sour cream, matsoun and cheese from cow milk) using graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry. PTE contents were in the range of 7.90E-04 (Pb in pasteurized milk) to 6.75E-01 (Cu in cheese) mg/kg. Food consumption was assessed by the 24-h dietary recall method. The PTE daily intakes and margin of exposure (MOE) were calculated by the deterministic approach.
The results indicated potential health concerns for the contribution of dairy products to the overall dietary intake of Pb and Cd. MOEs of Pb and Cd (8.71 and 8.80, respectively) estimated for high consumers of cheese (90 g/day and more) were lower than 10. The pilot data set provides the first comprehensive appraisal on the dairy products contamination by PTEs in the Caucasus region. The results point out further attention to sources of Pb and Cd in Armenian dairy products, including environment and farm characteristics.