V. Muradyan, G. Tepanosyan, Sh. Asmaryan, N. Maghakyan, L. Sahakyan, A. Saghatelyan;                             Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis,                             2020,                                                                                     DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/00103624.2020.1784922                        
The main goal of this research was to estimate heavy metals (HMs) (molybdenum (Mo), copper (Cu), nickel (Ni), cadmium (Cd)) contents in crop leaves through multispectral satellite imagery. During the acquisition of a SPOT 7 satellite image (28 July 2017) in situ sampling (38 samples) was done from the leaves of potatoes and beans growing close to the mining town of Kajaran (Armenia). To estimate HMs contents, multivariate regression (multiple linear regression (MLR), partial least squares regression (PLSR)), and artificial neural network (ANN) were used. As input data for the models raw, atmospherically corrected (Dark Object Subtraction (DOS)) and hyperspherical direction cosines (HSDC) normalized values of SPOT 7 spectral data in combination with one or combined log10, multiplicative scatter correction (MSC), standard normal variate transform (SNV) preprocessing methods were utilized. The best results were obtained for Cu using MLR (R2 cal. = 0.79, R2 CV = 0.70, RMSEcal. = 11.27, RMSECV = 13.47) and ANN (R2 Train ≈ 0.80, R2 Test ≈ 0.72, RMSETrain ≈ 11, RMSETest ≈ 13) models in case of bean leaves. The results are quite optimistic, however, further research with the use of high spatial/spectral resolution satellite images is needed to improve the accuracy of models.
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